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Alturas, California

Alturas is the county seat of Modoc County, California. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 2,892.

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 History
3 Demographics
4 Economy


Alturas is located on the Pit River in the extreme northeastern corner of California at 41°29'20" North, 120°32'45" West (41.488814, -120.545935)1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.7 km² (2.2 mi²). 5.7 km² (2.2 mi²) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.


Alturas was founded in 1869. The Modoc War was fought in the area in the 1870s.


As of the census of 2000, there are 2,892 people, 1,181 households, and 753 families residing in the city. The population density is 507.5/km² (1,316.3/mi²). There are 1,367 housing units at an average density of 239.9/km² (622.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 85.89% White, 0.31% African American, 4.39% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 4.84% from other races, and 3.73% from two or more races. 11.89% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 1,181 households out of which 35.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% are married couples living together, 14.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% are non-families. 32.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 14.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.38 and the average family size is 3.00.

In the city the population is spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $24,351, and the median income for a family is $31,385. Males have a median income of $36,500 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the city is $19,281. 27.1% of the population and 23.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 38.3% are under the age of 18 and 7.9% are 65 or older.


It is the headquarters to the Modoc National Forest and other recreation areas, and is the trade center for the agricultural region, which produces beef, sheep, potatoes, alfalfa and lumber.