In 1868, the Académie Julian was established by Rodolphe Julian as a studio school for art students with an academic tradition. For young women, the Académie Julian was an important alternative training center to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, the official art school of France, which barred women from studying there until 1897. Too, at the Académie the female students were allowed to paint from nude male models.
Very popular with French and foreign students, particularly Americanss, it accepted not only professional painters, but also serious amateurs, eager to improve. Eventually, the Académie Julian was granted the right to have its students compete for the Prix de Rome.
A few of the Académie's students: