Decades: 540s BC 530s BC 520s BC 510s BC 500s BC - **490s BC** - 480s BC 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC

499 BC - **498 BC** - 497 BC 496 BC 495 BC 494 BC 493 BC

- Leontini subjected by Hippocrates of Gela
- Macedon regains its indepedence from Persia; Alexander I of Macedon becomes king