Decades: 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC - **240s BC** - 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC

Years: 245 BC 244 BC 243 BC 242 BC 241 BC - **240 BC** - 239 BC 238 BC 237 BC 236 BC 235 BC

**Events**

- First production of
*Achilles*, the first Latin tragedy, by Livius Andronicus. - Revolt of Carthaginian mercenaries begins.
- Writing of
*Papyrus of Ani*(*The Egyptian Book of the Dead*)

- Arcesilaus of Pitane, sceptic philosopher
- Theocritus, Greek poet
- Aratus, Greek astronomer