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Alternate uses: See Munster (disambiguation), Minster (cathedral)

Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the state and is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region. Population: 267,197 (2001), area 302.83 km².

The University of Münster is third biggest and one of the oldest universities in Germany.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Sights
3 City boroughs
4 External links


The name derives from the Latin monasterium (monastery) and refers to the founding of the bishopric of Münster by Charlemagne (793). In the Middle Ages Münster was a leading member of the Hanseatic League. In 1534 the Anabaptists took power in Münster and founded a democratic proto-socialistic state. The town was recaptured in 1535; the Anabaptists were tortured to death, their dead bodies were exhibited in cages, which hung from St. Lamberti's steeple.

The signing of the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 at Münster and Osnabrück guaranteed the future of the prince-bishop and the diocese; the area was to be exclusively Roman Catholic.

In 1802 Münster was conquered by Prussia during the Napoleonic Wars. It became the capital of the Prussian province of Westphalia.

In World War II Münster was mostly destroyed by Allied air raids, but it was rebuilt after the war in an ancient style.


City boroughs

External links