The Triassic is named by Friedrich August Von Alberti for the three distinct layers of redbeds, capped by chalk, followed by black shales that are found throughout Germany and Northwest Europe, called the 'Trias'
John Scott Russell observes a nondecaying solitary water wave (soliton) in the Union Canal near Edinburgh and uses a water tank to study the dependence of solitary water wave velocities on wave amplitude and water depth
Michael Faraday publishes "On Electrical Decomposition" in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (in which Faraday coins the words electrode, anode, cathode, anion, cation, electrolyte, electrolyze).
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