: 15th century
- 16th century
- 17th century
Decades: 1490s 1500s 1510s 1520s 1530s 1540s - 1550s - 1560s 1570s 1580s 1590s
Years: 1548 1549 1550 1551 1552 - 1553 - 1554 1555 1556 1557 1558
- July 10 - Lady Jane Grey becomes Queen of England for nine days.
- July 19 - Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after having that title for just nine days.
- August 2 - Battle of Marciano. French forces invading Italy under Marshal Blaise de Monluc are defeated by an imperial army under the Marquis of Marignano and are forced to retreat into Siena, which is besieged by the imperialists.
- Battle of Sievershausen - Elector Maurice of Saxony defeats the Catholic forces of Margrave Albert of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. Maurice is mortally wounded.
- Russia, Opening of the maritime way of the White sea by the British captain Chancellor, beginning of the trade with the England