Introduced in 1994, ZIPI
was hailed as the replacement for MIDI
(Musical Instrument Digital Interface). A lack of commercial devices supporting ZIPI, the introduction of the superior "Firewire
" (IEEE1394) standard, and the sufficiency of standard MIDI for most applications soon led to the practical demise of the standard.
Unlike MIDI (which used a peer-to-peer serial connection), ZIPI was designed as a bus standard, meaning that multiple instruments could share a single cable or chain. This led to somewhat complicated addressing standards that were a factor in the non-adoption of the standard.