- righteous. (1.) A son of Ahitub, of the line of Eleazer (2 Sam. 8:17; 1 Chr. 24:3), high priest in the time of David
(2 Sam. 20:25) and Solomon
(1 Kings 4:4). He is first mentioned as coming to take part with David
(1 Chr. 12:27, 28). He was probably on this account made ruler over the Aaronites
(27:17). Zadok and Abiathar
acted as high priests on several important occasions (1 Chr. 15:11; 2 Sam. 15:24-29, 35, 36); but when Adonijah
endeavoured to secure the throne, Abiathar
went with him, and therefore Solomon
"thrust him out from being high priest," and Zadok, remaining faithful to David
, became high priest alone (1 Kings 2:27, 35; 1 Chr. 29:22). In him the line of Phinehas
resumed the dignity, and held it till the fall of Jerusalem
. He was succeeded in his sacred office by his son Azariah (1 Kings 4:2; comp. 1 Chr. 6:3-9).
(2.) The father of Jerusha, who was wife of King Uzziah, and mother of King Jotham (2 Kings 15:33; 2 Chr. 27:1).
(3.) "The scribe" set over the treasuries of the temple by
Nehemiah along with a priest and a Levite (Neh. 13:13).
(4.) The sons of Baana, one of those who assisted in
rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem (Neh. 3:4).