Youngstown is on the Mahoning River, 67 miles southeast of Cleveland, Ohio.
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The area that became Youngstown was part of the Western Reserve of Connecticut, and most early European-American settlers came from that state.
Youngstown was named for John Young who puchased the entire township from the United States Federal Government via the Western Land Reserve Company, and settled here in 1797. Within a year "Youngstown" was settled by 10 families around where the Mills Creek meets the Mahoning.
Iron ore was discovered in the area soon after, as well as coal. The first blast furnace was built to the east of town in 1803.
Youngstown was incorporated as a town in 1802.
Youngstown was on the Pennsylvania-Ohio Canal, completed in 1839. The railroad came to Youngstown in 1853.
Youngstown was reincorporated as a city in 1867, and the county seat was moved here from Canfield in 1876.
Historic populations: 8,075 in 1870; 44,885 in 1900; 168,330 in 1950.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 88.7 km² (34.2 mi²). 87.8 km² (33.9 mi²) of it is land and 0.9 km² (0.3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.02% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 82,026 people, 32,177 households, and 19,724 families residing in the city. The population density is 934.2/km² (2,419.9/mi²). There are 37,159 housing units at an average density of 423.2/km² (1,096.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 50.88% White, 43.81% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.19% from other races, and 2.45% from two or more races. 5.22% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 32,177 households out of which 27.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.2% are married couples living together, 22.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% are non-families. 34.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 14.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.39 and the average family size is 3.07.
In the city the population is spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $24,201, and the median income for a family is $30,701. Males have a median income of $29,900 versus $21,050 for females. The per capita income for the city is $13,293. 24.8% of the population and 20.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 37.3% are under the age of 18 and 13.3% are 65 or older.