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Yishuv is a Hebrew word meaning "settlement." It was used in the Zionist movement, before the establishment of Israel, to refer to the body of Jewish settlers in Palestine. The settlers were referred to collectively as "the Yeshuv." The term came into use in the 1880s, when there about 25,000 Jews living in Palestine, and continued to be used until 1948, by which time there were about 700,000 Jews in Palestine. A distinction is sometimes drawn between the "Old Yishuv," referring to the Jews living in Palestine under Ottoman rule before 1918, and the "New Yishuv," referring to the much larger Jewish settlement of Palestine under the British Mandate after 1922.

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