Yi HwangYi Hwang
) was one of the two most prominent Korean Confucian
scholars of the Joseon Dynasty
, the other being his younger contemporary Yi I
(Yulgok). Yi Hwang is often referred to by his pen name Toegye
(퇴계; 退溪 "Retreating Creek"). His courtesy name was Gyeongho (경호; 景浩).
Toegyero--a street in central Seoul--is named after him, and he is depicted on the South Korean 10,000-Won note.
His works include:
- The Ten Diagrams on Sage Learning (성학십도; 聖學十圖)
- Outline and Explanations of the Works of Zhu Xi (주자서절요; 朱子書節要)
- Commentary on the Scripture of the Heart (심경석의; 心經釋義)
- History of Neo-Confucianism in the Song, Yuan and Ming Dynasties (송계원명이학통록; 宋季元明理學通錄)
- The Four-Seven Debate (사칠속편; 四七續篇): discusses Mencius's philosophy with Ki Taesung