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Xanthippus was a Greek (possibly Spartan) mercenary general hired by the Carthaginians to aid in their war against the Romans during the First Punic War. He trained Carthaginian soldiers and led them into battle near Tunis, where his forces routed the Roman expeditionary force and captured the Roman consul Regulus in 255 BC.

Xanthippus was also the father of the Ancient Greek statesman Pericles, and was eponymous archon of Athens in 479 BC.