Little is known of Wolfram's life. From his name it can be determined he was born in Eschenbach in Bavaria, near Ansbach, and it is known that he served at a number of courts in his life. It is also known that he was illiterate, because in Parzifal he says that his work was recorded by dictation.
Wolfram is best known today for his Parzifal, sometimes regarded as the greatest of all German epics from that time. It is the first extant work in German to have as its subject the Holy Grail, and it has been suggested that Wolfram derived much of the story from Chretien de Troyes' Comte del Graal. Wolfram, however, suggested that a poet from Provence called Kyot was a more important source. Little is known about Kyot, and it has even been suggested that he did not in fact exist.