WIPO Copyright Treaty
The WIPO Copyright Treaty
, adopted by the World Intellectual Property Organization
(WIPO) in 1996
, provides additional protections for copyright
deemed necessary in the modern information era.
It ensures that computer programs
are protected as literary works (Article 4) and that the arrangement and selection of material in databases
is protected (Article 5).
It provides authors of works with control over their rental and distribution (Articles 6-8) which they may not have under the Berne Convention
And it prohibits circumvention of technological measures for the protection of works (Article 11) and unauthorised modification of rights management information contained in works (Article 12).
The WIPO Copyright Treaty is implemented in United States law by the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).
However, although the United States Congress passed both the DMCA and a copyright term extension during the same week
and used the same method (voice vote) to make it less likely that the news media would report on the bills,
and the European Union adopted its own copyright term extension around the same time,
the WIPO Copyright Treaty made no reference to copyright term extension beyond the existing terms of the Berne Convention.
External links and References
- The text of the treaty is available at:
- The United Kingdom implemented much of Article 11 in 1988: