Weimar is a city in Germany. It is located at 50° 58 min. 6 sec. north / 11° 18 Min. 6 sec. east, in the Bundesland of Thuringia (German Thüringen). Its current population is approximately 62,000. The oldest record of the city dates to the year 899.
Weimar is one of the great cultural sites of Europe, since it was the home to such luminaries as Bach, Goethe, Schiller, and Herder. It has been a site of pilgrimage for the German intelligentsia since Goethe first moved to Weimar in the late 18th century. The tombs of Goethe, Schiller, and Nietzsche may be found in the city, as may the archives of Goethe and Schiller.
The period in German history from 1919-1933 is commonly referred to as the Weimar Republic, as the Republic's constitution was drafted here while the capital, Berlin, with its street riots after the 1918 revolution was considered too dangerous for the National Assembly to convene.
Weimar was the center of the Bauhaus movement. The city houses art galleries, museums, the German national theatre, and the Bauhaus University. During World War II, there was a concentration camp in Weimar, at Buchenwald, a little wood that Goethe had loved to frequent.