For geographic and demographic information on Cochituate, which is part of Wayland, please see the article Cochituate, Massachusetts.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.2 km² (15.9 mi²). 39.4 km² (15.2 mi²) of it is land and 1.7 km² (0.7 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 4.21% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 13,100 people, 4,625 households, and 3,723 families residing in the town. The population density is 332.1/km² (859.9/mi²). There are 4,735 housing units at an average density of 120.0/km² (310.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 92.21% White, 0.75% African American, 0.10% Native American, 5.34% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. 1.15% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 4,625 households out of which 41.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.5% are married couples living together, 7.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% are non-families. 16.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.80 and the average family size is 3.15.
In the town the population is spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females there are 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $101,036, and the median income for a family is $113,671. Males have a median income of $86,344 versus $50,875 for females. The per capita income for the town is $52,717. 2.5% of the population and 2.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 1.9% are under the age of 18 and 2.7% are 65 or older.