Shah, an Afghan had fought with Osama Bin Laden in Afghanistan during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. After that, he went to Manila, Philippines and laundered money to the project through several individuals, including his girlfriend. The money came from Konsojaya, a front company set up by Indonesian terrorist Riduan Isamuddin, better known as "Hambali". He was on the board of directors of the company, and he owned half of the shares of the company.
The Bojinka plot was foiled on January 6, 1995. He was arrested by Manila police at an apartment on Singalong Street on January 11, but he escaped on short order 77 hours later. He was given a false passport with the name "Osama Turkestani" on it so that he could escape. He lived on the island of Langkawi until his rearrest. He was arrested in Malaysia in December of that year. He was later sent to American authorities.
When investigators found Shah, he had mangled hands and was missing three of his ten fingers. His legs were heavily scraped by shrapnel, and he had a surgical scar on his stomach. This had been a result in his battle against the Sovietss.
Shah is now serving a life sentence in prison. He has been cooperating with the United States Government since August 1998.