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Vipava (population 1,500) is a town in western Slovenia. Vipava (German Wippach) is built upon the numerous sources of the Vipava River, in the Valley of Vipava (Slovenian Vipavska dolina), 102 m above sea level.

The region around town was probably settled by the Illyrians and Celts in the pre-Roman era. Some trace the name Vipava to the Celtic root vip (river). In 394, the Battle of Frigidus took place in the vicinity of the town. Modern Vipava was first mentioned in 1367.

Austrian diplomat Sigismund von Herberstein (1486-1566) and Slovenian Protestant writer Sebastian Krelj (1538-1567) were both born in Vipava.

The area around the town is well known for delicious cherries and excellent wines.

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