Vesicular stomatitis virusVesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)
is a Rhabdovirus
, part of the order Mononegavirales
. (The well-known Rabies
virus belongs to the same family.) VSV can infect insects and mammals. It is considered harmless to humans, and is a common laboratory virus used to study the properties of viruses of the family Rhabdoviridae
, as well as virus evolution
Natural VSV infections encompass two steps, (1) cytolytic infections of mammalian hosts and (2) transmission by insects. In insects, infections are non-cytolytic persistent.