It is bordered by the provinces of Alicante, Albacete, Cuenca, Castellón, and the Mediterranean Sea. Part of its territory, the Rincón de Ademuz, is an exclave sandwiched between the provinces of Cuenca and Teruel.
Of the province's 2,267,503 people, one-third live in the capital, Valencia, which is also the capital of the autonomous community. There are 265 municipalities in the province. See List of municipalities in Valencia.