The vale of Evesham has little industry, being mostly agricultural. The sheltered climate beneath the escarpment of the Cotswolds, the light alluvial soils and the ready availability of river water for irrigation in dry weather has led to a great deal of vegetable production: spring onions, leeks, cabbages, brussels sprouts, runner beans. There are numerous orchards in the area, producing appless and plums. Though orchard numbers have declined somewhat in recent decades, they still make a sufficient show of blossom in spring that they are touted as a minor tourist attraction. In the villages to the east of Evesham, such as Offenham and Badsey, there are growers specialising in asparagus production. Every year there are asparagus auctions, notably at the historic Fleece Inn in Bretforton.
The Vale is served by the 150-year-old Cotswold railway line, originally known as the Worcester and Oxford, although this was satirised at the time of construction as the Old Worse and Worse, due to construction problems, including a riot at Mickleton on the edge of the Vale. The only existing stations are at Honeybourne and Evesham, and these are served by trains from Worcester and London.