Ut queant laxisUt queant laxis
or Hymnus in Ioannem
is a hymn
to Saint John the Baptist
written by Paolo Diacono (ca 720 - 799) of Italy
. It is notable in that the first syllable of each line gave its name to a successive note
of the major scale
, as each line begins with the successively higher note. The lyrics are:
- Ut queant laxis
- Resonāre fibris
- Mīra gestorum
- Famuli tuorum,
- Solve polluti
- Labii reatum,
- Sancte Ioannes.
these your servants may, with all their voice
, sing your marvelous
) the guilt from our stained lips
, O S
Ut is now mostly replaced by do due to the latter's open sound. Si has been replaced by ti in English.
The use of Ut queant laxis to name the notes is usually attributed to Guido of Arezzo.