It came to prominence in the Battle of Kasserine Pass when Field Marshal Erwin Rommel defeated the formation. However, after a change of command, it recovered its cohesion and fought well for the rest of the campaign. It held the southern flank of British 1st Army during the destruction of Axis forces in Africa.
Thereafter, it landed in Sicily, playing a key part in the liberation of the western part of the island. A further amphibious operation followed at Salerno. The corps then fought its way up the western side of Italy, ending up on the right flank of US Fifth Army in May 1945.
One of its commanders was Major General Geoffrey Keyes.