United Empire Loyalists United Empire Loyalists
is the name given to individuals who are descendants of British loyalists
during the American War of Independence
who left the 13 rebellious American colonies for the future Canada
: the two British colonies of Quebec
(including the Eastern Townships
and modern-day Ontario
) and Nova Scotia
(including modern-day New Brunswick
). The Jay Treaty
promised the Loyalists compensation for their lost property although the American Congress
essentially refused to "... restore seized property, redress grievances, and permit loyalists to return home to live under the new jurisdiction" (Christopher Moore, The Loyalists: Revolution, Exile, Settlement
(1984), ISBN 0771060939, p. 148).
In the United Kingdom, a Commission for Claims and Losses was established to compensate loyalists if they would relinquish their claims to the British government -- but only about 2000 claims were made. The rest, an estimated 100,000 to 200,000 claims, remain unresolved to this day.