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The Twa are a pygmy people, of short stature, who were the oldest recorded inhabitants of an area in central Africa that now comprises the nations of Rwanda and Burundi.

When the Hutu, a Bantu-derived people, arrived in the region, they dominated the Twa. Around the 15th century CE, the Tutsi, a Nilotic people, subsequently arrived, possibly from Ethiopia, and dominated both the Twa and the Hutu.

TWA was also, for a very long time, one of the United States' premier airline companies.