Tulsa began as "Tulsy", a Creek Indian word meaning "old town" and in the 1890's, a trading post in the village became a post office under the name "Tulsey Town". In 1882, the railroad brought white settlers and Tulsa, became a cattle-shipping center. Then, in 1901, the nearby town of Red Fork became the site of a giant oil deposit find. Four years later, Glenpool, another nearby town, began produced oil as well. Thus, Tulsa's golden age was in the 1920's when Tulsa was the Oil Capital of the World.
Tulsa is also known for the Tulsa Race Riot, the worst hate crime in U.S. history. The Greenwood District of north Tulsa was burned, and gangs of whites indiscriminately murdered blacks. Tulsa is a city still marred by a rigid geographic division between predominately poor and African-American north Tulsa, and predominately wealthy and white south Tulsa.
Berryhill is a community on the outskirts of Tulsa. Important towns around Tulsa include Broken Arrow, Sand Springs, Owasso, Jenks, Glenpool and Sapulpa.
Famous people from Tulsa include several musicians including Leon Russell, Bob Wills, Hanson. The radio commentator Paul Harvey and the late Senator Patrick Moynihan were born in Tulsa. Movie actor Gailard Sartain is from Tulsa.
Important Family and People in the History of Tulsa include Phillips Family, Thomas Gilcrease, Charles Page.
Tulsa is served by Tulsa International Airport.
Tulsa is located at 36°7'53" North, 95°56'14" West (36.131294, -95.937332)1 in the northeastern corner of the state. Split by the Arkansas River, Tulsa has abundant parks and water areas.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 483.9 km² (186.8 mi²). 473.1 km² (182.6 mi²) of it is land and 10.9 km² (4.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 2.24% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 393,049 people, 165,743 households, and 99,114 families residing in the city. The population density is 830.9/km² (2,152.0/mi²). There are 179,405 housing units at an average density of 379.2/km² (982.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 70.09% White, 15.47% African American, 4.72% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.45% from other races, and 4.40% from two or more races. 7.15% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 165,743 households out of which 28.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% are married couples living together, 12.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% are non-families. 33.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.31 and the average family size is 2.98.
In the city the population is spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $35,316, and the median income for a family is $44,518. Males have a median income of $32,779 versus $25,587 for females. The per capita income for the city is $21,534. 14.1% of the population and 10.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 20.5% are under the age of 18 and 8.3% are 65 or older.