is the name of a Roman fort
at Newstead, near Melrose
, close under the three Eildon Hills (whence the name trium montium
). It was an advanced post of the Romans towards Scotland both about 80 AD and after, and again (after an interval of evacuation) from about AD 140 to AD 180.
Excavations by James Curle between February 1905 and September 1910 yielded finds of almost unique importance. These include the foundations of several successive forts, one above the other, which throw much light on the character of the Roman military post; an unparalleled collection of Roman armour, including ornate helmets, and a good series of coins and datable pottery. The whole illustrate the history of the Roman army and that of Roman Scotland very remarkably.
Between 1989 and 1993 Further excavations were carried out by the Department of Archaeological Sciences at the University of Bradford.
- Curle, J., 1911, A Roman Frontier Post and its People: The Fort of Newstead in the Parish of Melrose. Glasgow: James Maclehose and Sons.
This article was based upon an entry in the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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