is a written record of spoken language
. In court
proceedings, a transcript is usually a record of all decisions of the judge
, and the spoken arguments
by the litigants' lawyers
. The transcript is expected to be an exact and unedited record of every spoken word, with each speaker indicated. Such a record was originally made by court stenographers who used a form of shorthand
abbreviation to write as quickly as people spoke. Today most court reporters use a specialized machine with a phonetic
key system, typing a key or key combination for every sound a person utters.
Less formal courts have now begun to use a sound recording system. The recordings are sent to court reporters only when a transcript is requested.