For geographic and demographic information on the census-designated place Townsend, please see the article Townsend (CDP), Massachusetts.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 85.8 km² (33.1 mi²). 85.1 km² (32.9 mi²) of it is land and 0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.72% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 9,198 people, 3,110 households, and 2,475 families residing in the town. The population density is 108.0/km² (279.8/mi²). There are 3,184 housing units at an average density of 37.4 persons/km² (96.9 persons/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 97.54% White, 0.73% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 3,110 households out of which 44.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.5% are married couples living together, 9.0% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 20.4% are non-families. 16.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.96 and the average family size is 3.34.
In the town the population is spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 95.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $61,745, and the median income for a family is $67,173. Males have a median income of $49,340 versus $31,073 for females. The per capita income for the town is $22,658. 5.1% of the population and 3.7% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 7.6% are under the age of 18 and 6.5% are 65 or older.