It has many historic churches, mosques, temples and monuments. It was a important town in the days of the historic rulers of Trichy. It has a rock fortress which was built during that time.
Considered a good educational town it has schools that are hundred years old and many engineering colleges and a government run medical college. The National Institute of Technology (formerly, Regional Engineering College) and the Bharathidasan Institute of Management are also located in Tiruchirapalli.