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Tiberias is a town on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, Lower Galilee.

It was named in honour of the emperor Tiberius. In modern Hebrew it is Teverya.

Tiberias was built at about AD 20 by Herod Antipas, the son of Herod the Great, and it became Herod's capital.

During Herod's time, the Jews refused to settle there; the presence of a cemetery rendered the site ritually unclean. However, in time, Tiberias became one of the country's four Holy Cities, a centre of learning and the arts, also the Sanhedrin, the Jewish court, chose it as one of its meeting places.

Under Byzantine and Arab rule, the city declined and was devastated by wars and earthquakes in the Middle Ages. During the crusades it was part of the Crusader State of the County of Tripoli. Saladin attacked it in 1187, and then defeated the crusaders at the Battle of Hattin outside Tiberias when they arrived to relieve the siege.

In the 16th century, Suleiman the Magnificent gave it back to the Jews, and Tiberias flourished again for a hundred years. It was devastated again, and again resettled by Hassidic Jews.

Today, Tiberias is Israel's most popular holiday resort in the Northern half of the country.