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The Prisoner of Zenda

The Prisoner of Zenda is an adventure novel by Anthony Hope, first published in 1894. It tells the story of a man who resembles the King of the mythical country of "Ruritania", who must impersonate the King when the real monarch is kidnapped. The villain of the book, Rupert of Hentzau, gives his name to its 1898 sequel.

The novel has been adapted many times for film and television, the best-known screen version being the 1937 film. It stars Ronald Colman, Madeleine Carroll, C. Aubrey Smith, Raymond Massey, Mary Astor, David Niven and Douglas Fairbanks Jr.

The movie was adapted by Wells Root, John L. Balderston, Donald Ogden Stewart (additional dialogue) Ben Hecht (uncredited) and Sidney Howard (uncredited) from the novel and the adapted play by Edward E. Rose. It was directed by John Cromwell.

It was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Art Direction and Best Music, Score. The film has been deemed "culturally significant" by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry.

The Prisoner of Zenda has been made several other times:

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