The city suffered from the Texas City disaster on April 16, 1947.
Texas City is located at 29°23'60" North, 94°56'2" West (29.399983, -94.933851)1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 433.1 km² (167.2 mi²). 161.5 km² (62.4 mi²) of it is land and 271.6 km² (104.9 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 62.70% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 41,521 people, 15,479 households, and 10,974 families residing in the city. The population density is 257.0/km² (665.7/mi²). There are 16,715 housing units at an average density of 103.5/km² (268.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 60.75% White, 27.47% African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.23% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. 20.52% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 15,479 households out of which 33.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% are married couples living together, 17.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% are non-families. 24.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.62 and the average family size is 3.13.
In the city the population is spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $35,963, and the median income for a family is $42,393. Males have a median income of $36,463 versus $24,754 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,057. 14.9% of the population and 12.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 20.5% are under the age of 18 and 11.2% are 65 or older.