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Tarboro, North Carolina

Tarboro is a town located in Edgecombe County, North Carolina. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 11,138. It is the county seat of Edgecombe County6.

Historic Tarboro, North Carolina, was chartered in 1760. Nestled in a bend of the Tar River, it was an important river port, the head of navigation on the Tar. As early as the 1730ís a small community formed due to this natural asset, and a warehouse, customs office and other commercial concerns together with a score of "plain and cheap" houses made a bustling village.

The locals were a scrappy bunch, and gave the early governors and their agents a hard time. Edgecombe County residents came down hard on the side of the Revolution, many serving as officers in the Continental Army. One such was Thomas Blount (1759-1812), whose handsome plantation house "The Grove" has been restored and is open for tours on a daily basis. Blount was a very young officer, spent time in England as a prisoner of war, but returned to North Carolina to participate in one of the largest merchant/shipping companies in late 18th C. America.

"The Grove" was also home to Col. Louis Dicken Wilson (1789-1847), who served in the NC Senate and fought in the Mexican War, and Col. John Luther Bridgers (1821-1884), Commandant of Ft. Macon in the War Between the States.

Geography

Tarboro is located at 35°54'10" North, 77°32'45" West (35.902850, -77.545959)1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.3 km² (9.8 mi²). 25.2 km² (9.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.41% water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there are 11,138 people, 4,359 households, and 2,972 families residing in the town. The population density is 442.4/km² (1,145.4/mi²). There are 4,911 housing units at an average density of 195.1/km² (505.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 56.03% White, 39.44% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 3.56% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 5.94% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 4,359 households out of which 29.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% are married couples living together, 18.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% are non-families. 28.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 14.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.48 and the average family size is 3.02.

In the town the population is spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 78.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $34,400, and the median income for a family is $42,938. Males have a median income of $29,889 versus $22,718 for females. The per capita income for the town is $17,120. 15.3% of the population and 11.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 21.0% are under the age of 18 and 13.6% are 65 or older.