The term strategos
) is used in Greek
to mean "general". In the Byzantine Empire
the term was also used in the to describe a military governor (see Byzantine aristocracy and bureaucracy
The Office of Strategos in Athenian Democracy
In the Athenian Democracy
were elected by name rather than chosen by lottery and expected to command at both land and
sea. This office replaced the earlier polemarch
as a commander of troops. The common translation general
is a little misleading.
Following the reforms of Pericles, all Athenian positions except the strategos were selected by lottery and were paid so that any Athenian citizen could take part in office. The role of strategos remained a difficult to achieve position as both wealth and popularity were required to fill the office.
Some of the more notable Athenian strategoi were:
- Pericles the great proponent of Democracy in Athens
- Thucydides the author of "The Peloponnesian War"
See also Archons of Athens
for a list of the known strategoi.