Stimulusresponse model
The
stimulusresponse model describes a
statistical unit as making a quantitative response to a quantitative stimulus administered by the researcher. The object of this kind of research is to establish a mathematical function that describes the relation between the stimulus amd the response :

The most common form assumed for such functions is linear, thus we expect to see a relationship like

Statistical theory for linear models has been well developed for more than fifty years and a standard form of analysis called
linear regression has been developed.