Statute of frauds
From 17th century English statutory law
, (29 Car. II c. 3) passed in 1677
the requirement that certain kinds of transactions, typically contractual obligations, be evidenced by a writing signed by the party against whom inforcement is sought, or by her authorized agent. Such writing being a precondition to maintaining a suit for breach of contract (or other obligation
). It is more properly called the Statute of Frauds and Perjuries
Traditionally, the statute of frauds requires a writing signed by the party against whom enforcement is sought in the following circumstances:
- Contracts in consideration of marriage
- Contracts which cannot be performed within one year
- Contracts for the sale of land
- Contracts by the executor of a will
- Contracts in which one party acts as guarantor for another party's debts
- Under the Uniform Commercial Code, contracts for the sale of goods worth more than $500.
Law students often remember these circumstances by the mnemonic
"MYLEGS" (marriage, year, land, surety, executor, guarantor sale).