A spectrum analyzer
is a device used to examine at the spectral composition of some electrical
, aural or optical
Often, it measures the power spectrum.
There are analogue and digital spectrum analyzers:
see also: electromagnetic spectrum
- An analogue spectrum analyzer uses basically a variable bandpass filter which mid-frequency is automatically tuned (shifted, swept) through the range of frequencies of which the spectrum is to be measured.
- A digital spectrum analyzer uses Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), a mathematical processes transforms a waveform into its compositions of frequencies in the spectrum. As a result, computer programs can compute such transforms, and makes audio processing easier. FFTs have applications in much wider fields.
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