South African Republic
The South African Republic
: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
), not to be confused with the Republic of South Africa
, occupied the area later known as the province
, first from 1857
, and again, after a successful Afrikaner
rebellion against British rule, from 1881
until its annexation by the United Kingdom
during the Boer War
. The first president of the South African Republic was Marthinus Wessel Pretorius
. He was elected in 1857.
The capital was established at Pretoria (founded 1855). The parliament, the Volksraad, had 24 members.