This article is about the Mexican State of Sonora. There is also Sonora, California, in the United States of America.
Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. To the north Sonora borders the USA state of Arizona; to the west it borders the Gulf of California (Sea of Cortez).
Sonora is important economically for its cattle production and mining, and popular among tourists for its fine beaches. Culturally it is important as a source of a style of music known as the Norteña.
Cities with airports that serve as points of entry include Hermosillo (the state capital) and Guaymas. Smaller towns popular with tourists that have airports include Puerto Peñasco (also known as "Rocky Point") and Alamos. Border crossings include the city of Nogales, Sonora, across the border from Nogales, Arizona, and the town of Agua Prieta, across the border from Douglas, Arizona.
The Sonoran Desert covers much of the state, as well as southern Arizona.
The ISO 3166-2 is MX-SON.