The SN76489 is a TTL
compatible, 4 channel Programmable Sound Generator (PSG) IC from Texas Instruments
. It's main application has been entertainment and it has been used to provide music and sound effects in games consoles, arcade hardware and home computers.
Features of the SN76489 are:
The frequency of the square waves produced at each channel is derived by two factors: the speed of the external clock and a value provided in a control register for that channel (called N). The eventual frequency is arrived at by dividing the external clock by 32 and then dividing the result by N for each channel.
The SN76489 is included 'on-chip' in SEGA's Video Display Processors (VDP) for their Master System, Game Gear, and Megadrive (Sega Genesis in North America), game consoles. The SEGA VDP is in fact based on the Texas Instruments TMS9918 VDP.