The Sinatra Doctrine
was the name that the Soviet
government of Mikhail Gorbachev
used to describe their policy of allowing neighboring Warsaw Pact
nations to determine their own internal affairs. This doctrine, named after the Frank Sinatra
song "My Way" because it allowed these nations to go their own way, contrasted with the earlier Brezhnev Doctrine
, which had been used to justify the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia
The phrase was coined by Gorbachev's Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze.
As a result of this new policy, the various Eastern bloc allies of the Soviet Union initiated democratic reforms and, in 1989, the Berlin Wall was torn down, signalling the end of the Cold War.