The Schottky diode
(named after German physicist Walter H. Schottky
) is a semiconductor diode
with a low forward voltage drop. A typical application is discharge-protection for solar cells connected to lead-acid batteries
. While standard silicon diodes have a forward voltage drop of about 0.6 volts, Schottky diodes have a drop of only about 0.2 volts.
A Schottky diode uses a metal-semiconductor junction as a Schottky barrier (instead of a semiconductor-semiconductor junction as in conventional diodes). This Schottky barrier results in both very fast switching times and low forward voltage drop.