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Schenkerian analysis

Schenkerian analysis is an approach to musical analysis devised by Heinrich Schenker. It reduces all tonal music to a simple progression based on the tonic triad which in its simplest form is:

This reduction to a piece's basic essence (which Schenker called the Ursatz) is arrived at by taking the original piece as written by the composer and progressively stripping away levels of decoration.

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