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San Fernando City, La Union

To see all articles with the same name, see San Fernando.

\'San Fernando City' is the capital of the province of La Union and the administrative seat of Region I, the Ilocos Region, in the Philippines. It was designated from a municipality to a component city in 1998. It is the financial, industrial and political center of the province, engaged in agriculture, aquaculture, shipping using the port of San Fernando, and other industrial sectors. Its ethnic population is predominantly Ilocano and Christian (Roman Catholic).

'''City of San Fernando

Region: Ilocos Region (Region I)
Province: La Union
Founded: ___
2000 census—102,082
Density—___ per km²
Area: ___ km²
Barangays: 59
Congressional district: 1st district of La Union
Class: 3rd class; partially urban


The earliest settlement in San Fernando was believed to have existed before the early Ming Dynasty. Archeological findings revealed porcelain, beads, spearheads and other objects indicating that early settlers traded with mainland China and the Middle East.

The ancient villages were often raided by pirates -- Muslims from the south or the Chinese from the north -- that plied the South China Sea or at war with tribal groups from the highlands of the Cordillera.

Pindangan as it was then called became San Fernando in 1850 and was made provincial capital of the new province of La Union.

Dissent against the Spanish authorities found their outlet through numerous uprisings. In San Fernando, the climax came in 1896 when the Spanish garrison was attacked by Filipino insurgents.

The Americans ruled the Philippines after the shortlived Spanish-American War in 1898, when Spain ceded the country to the United States for $20 million, along with Cuba, Puerto Rico and Guam. San Fernando experienced naval bombardment by the Americans as well as actual fighting on land.

The Japanese bombed San Fernando on December 8, 1941. After three years of Japanese occupation, American planes reappeared over San Fernando on September 22, 1944. The Japanese retreated in 1945.


San Fernando belongs to District 1 in La Union province.

It has ___ barangays:

External Links

La Union: Agoo | Aringay | Bacnotan | Bagulin | Balaoan | Bangar | Bauang | Burgos | Caba | Luna | Naguilian | Pugo | Rosario | San Fernando City | San Gabriel | San Juan | Santo Tomas | Santol | Sudipen | Tubao