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Samizdat was a system in the Soviet-bloc countries wherein people clandestinely printed and distributed government-suppressed literature. Key to the technique was that copies were made a few at a time, and anyone who had a copy and any sort of copying equipment was encouraged to make more copies.

A rough translation would be something along the lines of "Passing on" or "Giving it amongst yourselves". Essentially, the samizdat copy of the text, such as Mikhail Bulgakov's The Master and Margarita, were passed from one person to another.

Etymology (Russian):сам (self)+изда(ва)ть (to publish)

Contrast: freedom of press, freedom of speech

Samisdat was a zine published by Merritt Clifton in the United States in the 1960s prior to the advent of the high-volume photocopier. Like many 'zines, it was spurned by print shops because of its political content, so its publisher had to obtain his own offset press, which he operated himself. A book called The Samisdat Method was published by the author of the 'zine, which described the practical aspects of purchase and use of an offset press by authors with no background in the printing trade. The book went through several editions and eventually saw publication and distribution by the book trade. It is now out of print.