Salyut 5Salyut 5
was launched on June 22
from the Baikonur Cosmodrome
aboard a Proton 8K82K rocket. It was the third and last Almaz
military space station
, included in the Salyut
program to conceal its true purpose. Its launch and subsequent mission were both completed successfully. The Soyuz 21
cosmonauts worked in the station from July 7 - August 24, 1976. Soyuz 23
attempted to dock on October 15, but was unable to enter the station. The Soyuz 24
crew worked in the station from February 8 - 25, 1977.
Structurally similar to Salyut 3, it had a total mass of approximately 18-19 tons. It had two solar panels laterally mounted on the center of the station, and a detachable recovery module for the return of research data and materials. Its research module was ejected on Feburary 26, 1977, and recovered. Salyut 5 reentered on August 8, 1977 after fuel reserves were depleted and the planned Soyuz 25 mission was no longer possible.