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Runs created

Runs created is a baseball statistic invented by Bill James to estimate the number of runs a hitter contributes to his team. It is often abbreviated RC.

There are many different formulas for Runs created, but the most basic one is:


where OBP is On base percentage and TB is Total bases. This can also be expressed as:


where SLG is Slugging percentage and AB is At-bats.

For whole teams, Runs created turns out to correlate fairly well with the number of runs a team actually scores, though there are more complex versions of the formula which are even more accurate. This correlation is the justification of the use of OPS as a useful (and simple) player evaluation metric.

Runs created in its basic form takes into account for level of production and amount of playing time. It is sometimes expressed as a rate stat, to consider only level of production, and is usually expressed as Runs created per some number of outs, e.g. RC/25 or RC/27 (27 of course being the number of outs per team in a standard 9-inning baseball game).

See also Sabermetrics.