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Rosetta is a port city on the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt, located 65 kilometers east of Alexandria. When Alexandria was moribund, after the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in the 16th century, Rosetta boomed, only to decline after Alexandria's revival. During the 19th century it was an English tourist destination, known for its charming Ottoman mansions, citrus groves and cleanliness.

It famous as the site where the Rosetta Stone was found by French soldiers in 1799.

Rosetta is also the name of a space probe.